Wednesday, February 08, 2017Register
 Species Spotlight

 Image of Glasswort, pickleweed (Salicornia virginica), courtesy of Jay Raney and The Texas Coastal Monitoring Program
[Photo: Jay Raney, Texas Coastal Monitoring Program]

Description: Flowering perennial growing to 0.3m. The flowers are hermaphrodite (have both male and female organs).

Life History: The flower, which bloom in summer and fall, are hermaphrodite. It is able to grow in highly saline environments, such as this salt marsh, through its ability to sequester salt into the vacuoles of its cells.

Habitat: Salty marshes and beaches with full sun and moist soil.

Distribution: Occurs in most coastal states from Nova Scotia to Florida from California to Alaska



Plants for a Future

 Palustrine Scrub/Shrub Wetland

Palustrine Scrub/Shrub Wetland - Includes all tidal and non tidal wetlands dominated by woody vegetation less than 5 meters in height, and all such wetlands that occur in tidal areas in which salinity due to ocean-derived salts is below 0.5 percent. Total vegetation coverage is greater than 20 percent. The species present could be true shrubs, young trees and shrubs, or trees that are small or stunted due to environmental conditions (Cowardin et al. 1979).

Characteristic species: Alders (Alnus spp.), willows (Salix spp.), buttonbush (Cephalanthus occidentalis), red osier dogwood (Cornus stolonifera), honeycup (Zenobia pulverenta), spirea (Spiraea douglassii), bog birch (Betula pumila), and young trees such as red maple (Acer rubrum) and black spruce (Picea mariana).

graph of palustrine scrub/shrub wetland change from 1996 to 2005 as a percentage of total acreage

map of texas coastal land use

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