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 Species Spotlight

Palustrine Emergent Wetland Species Spotlight

Photo courtesy of Jay Raney and The Texas Coastal Monitoring Program [Photo: Jay Raney and The Texas Coastal Monitoring Program]

Glasswort, pickleweed
Salicornia virginica

Description: Flowering perennial growing to 0.3m. The flowers are hermaphrodite (have both male and female organs).

Life History: The flower, which bloom in summer and fall, are hermaphrodite. It is able to grow in highly saline environments, such as this salt marsh, through its ability to sequester salt into the vacuoles of its cells.

Habitat: Salty marshes and beaches with full sun and moist soil.

Distribution: Occurs in most coastal states from Nova Scotia to Florida from California to Alaska



Plants for a Future

 Palustrine Emergent Wetland

Palustrine Emergent Wetland (Persistent) - Includes all tidal and nontidal wetlands dominated by persistent emergent vascular plants, emergent mosses or lichens, and all such wetlands that occur in tidal areas in which salinity due to ocean-derived salts is below 0.5 percent. Plants generally remain standing until the next growing season. Total vegetation cover is greater than 80 percent.

Characteristic species: Cattails (Typha spp.), sedges (Carex spp.), bulrushes (Scirpus spp.), rushes (Juncus spp.), saw grass (Cladium jamaicaense), and reed (Phragmites australis).

Graph of Texas coastal palustrine emergent wetland change from 1996 to 2005, courtesy of Houston Advanced Research Center

map of Texas coast coastal change analysis from 1996 to 2005

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